Eld’s Deer Facts and Information

By | Deer Species

Enter the world of Eld's Deer, a species that combines elegance and history. These deer have a captivating presence, and their story is as compelling as their appearance.

Species Data

  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Artiodactyla
  • Family: Cervidae
  • Scientific Name: Rucervus eldii
  • Life Span: 15 to 20 years
  • Height: 100-130 cm (39-51 inches)
  • Weight: 300-400 pounds (136-181 kilograms)


Eld's Deer, also known as the thamin or brow-antlered deer, is a majestic species known for its distinctive antlers. These deer exhibit sexual dimorphism, with males (bucks) sporting impressive, branched antlers, while females (does) lack antlers altogether.


One cannot help but be awed by Eld's Deer's elegant appearance. They have a rich, chestnut-brown coat, a white patch on their throat, and striking, lyre-shaped antlers in males. Their large, expressive eyes add to their enchanting beauty.


These deer are known for their cautious and solitary behavior, often inhabiting dense forested areas. They are primarily crepuscular, being most active during dawn and dusk. Eld's Deer are skilled swimmers and agile jumpers.


Historically, they ranged across Southeast Asia. Today, they are primarily found in protected reserves and national parks, given their vulnerable status.

Diet and Nutrition

Eld's Deer are herbivores, feeding on a variety of vegetation, including grasses, leaves, and aquatic plants. They are selective grazers, choosing the most nutritious plants.

Mating Habits

Eld's Deer typically mate in late autumn, with a gestation period of about 240 days. Female deer give birth to a single fawn, which they protect and nurture within the safety of the forest.

Mating Behavior

  • Reproduction Season: Late autumn
  • Pregnancy Duration: Approximately 240 days
  • Baby Carrying: Females keep their fawns within the forest
  • Independent Age: Fawns become independent at around 6-8 months
  • Female Name: Doe
  • Male Name: Buck
  • Baby Name: Fawn

5 Fun Facts for Kids

  1. Eld's Deer is named after Lieutenant Percy Eld, who first described the species in the 19th century.
  2. Their lyre-shaped antlers are a striking feature and can span up to 100 centimeters.
  3. Eld's Deer are known for their distinct barking calls, which they use for communication.
  4. These deer are excellent swimmers and can cross rivers with ease.
  5. Conservation efforts have been instrumental in protecting and preserving this vulnerable species.

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