Red Deer Facts and Other Information

By | Deer Species

Red Deer

The Red Deer, often called the monarch of the moorlands, is a remarkable species that captivates the hearts of nature enthusiasts worldwide. With its impressive stature and captivating behavior, the Red Deer stands out as a true symbol of the wilderness.

Species Data

  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Artiodactyla
  • Family: Cervidae
  • Scientific Name: Cervus elaphus
  • Life Span: 10 to 15 years
  • Height: Up to 140 cm (at the shoulder)
  • Weight: 300-600 pounds (136-272 kilograms)


Red Deer are large and robust herbivores known for their reddish-brown coats and impressive antlers on males. They are social animals that often form herds, especially during the winter months.


Red Deer are distinguished by their reddish-brown fur, which becomes darker in winter. Males sport formidable antlers, which can span up to 1.2 meters. Females, or hinds, lack antlers and are smaller in size.


These deer are known for their adaptability and can be found in various habitats, from forests to grasslands. They are primarily crepuscular, meaning they are most active during dawn and dusk, and feed on grasses, shrubs, and bark.


Where do red deer live? Red Deer inhabit a wide range of ecosystems, including woodlands, meadows, and mountains. They prefer areas with abundant vegetation for grazing.

Diet and Nutrition

Red Deer are herbivores, primarily grazing on grasses, leaves, and woody plants. Their diet varies with the seasons, as they consume more twigs and bark in winter.

Mating Habits

Red Deer engage in seasonal mating rituals, known as the “rut.” Males compete for dominance and mating rights with roaring calls and displays. Calves are born in late spring to early summer.

Mating Behavior

  • Reproduction Season: September to November
  • Pregnancy Duration: Around 240 days
  • Baby Carrying: Hinds carry and nurse their calves.
  • Independent Age: Calves become independent at around 8 months.
  • Female Name: Hind
  • Male Name: Stag
  • Baby Name: Calf

5 Fun Facts for Kids

  • Red Deer can jump up to 2 meters high, making them excellent athletes.
  • A group of Red Deer is called a “herd” or a “mob.”
  • Their antlers can grow up to an inch per day during the summer.
  • Red Deer are strong swimmers and can cross rivers with ease.
  • The Red Deer’s distinctive call, known as “roaring,” can be heard from afar during the mating season.

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