Roe Deer Facts and Other Information

By | Deer Species

Roe Deer

Roe deer, known for their graceful presence in woodlands and fields, captivate nature enthusiasts worldwide. These enchanting creatures boast a unique charm that’s hard to resist.

Species Data

  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Artiodactyla
  • Family: Cervidae
  • Scientific Name: Capreolus capreolus
  • Life Span: 6-10 years
  • Height: 65-75 cm
  • Weight: 55-77 pounds (25-35 kilos)


Roe deer are relatively small, agile mammals with reddish-brown fur and a white rump patch. They possess distinctive V-shaped antlers in males, which are shed annually. These deer are known for their cautious and solitary nature.


Roe deer exhibit a slender frame with a white throat patch and a small tail. Their reddish-brown coat provides excellent camouflage in wooded environments, helping them evade predators.


These deer are crepuscular, meaning they are most active during dawn and dusk. Roe deer are skilled jumpers and swimmers, using these abilities to escape threats. They are primarily herbivores, feeding on leaves, shoots, and berries.


Where do roe deer live? Roe deer inhabit diverse landscapes, including forests, grasslands, and farmlands. They prefer areas with ample cover for concealment and access to water sources.

Diet and Nutrition

What does roe deer eat? Roe deer sustain themselves on a diet primarily composed of vegetation such as leaves, twigs, and buds. Their nutritional needs vary seasonally, with an increased reliance on browse during winter.

Mating Habits

Roe deer exhibit a polygynous mating system, with males competing for access to females during the breeding season. This period typically occurs in late summer.

Mating Behavior

  • Reproduction Season: Late July to mid-August
  • Pregnancy Duration: Approximately 10 months
  • Baby Carrying: Single fawn born in late spring
  • Independent Age: Fawns become independent at around 6 months
  • Female Name: Doe
  • Male Name: Buck
  • Baby Name: Fawn

5 Fun Facts for Kids about Roe Deer

1. Roe deer are excellent swimmers, often crossing rivers and streams to find food.

2. They can make a distinctive barking sound when alarmed.

3. Roe deer are among the few deer species where both males and females grow antlers.

4. These agile creatures can jump up to 6.6 feet (2 meters) in height.

5. Roe deer are known for their territorial behavior, marking their territory with scent markings.

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