Philippine Deer Facts and Information

By | Deer Species

The Philippine deer, a captivating species that holds a special place in the heart of the Philippines. These endearing creatures are more than just inhabitants of the lush forests; they are an intrinsic part of the country's natural heritage.

Species Data

  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Artiodactyla
  • Family: Cervidae
  • Scientific Name: Rusa marianna
  • Life Span: Typically 8-12 years
  • Height: Approximately 90-110 cm (35-43 inches)
  • Weight: Around 45-75 kg (99-165 pounds)


The Philippine deer, scientifically known as Rusa marianna, is a remarkable species characterized by its medium size and distinctive appearance. These deer boast a sleek and robust body with reddish-brown fur. The males, or bucks, typically sport branching antlers, adding to their allure.


One of the most striking features of the Philippine deer is its striking coat. Their reddish-brown fur is complemented by white spots, creating a captivating contrast. These spots are more prominent in younger deer and gradually fade as they mature, making them resemble living constellations in the forest.


The Philippine deer are known for their elusive and cautious behavior. They are primarily crepuscular, meaning they are most active during dawn and dusk. Their keen senses, including excellent hearing and sense of smell, help them detect potential threats in their forested habitat.


These enchanting creatures are native to the Philippines and are commonly found in dense forests, grasslands, and even coastal areas. They are highly adaptable and can thrive in various environments, from lowland forests to high mountain regions.

Diet and Nutrition

The Philippine deer are herbivores with a diet consisting of leaves, grasses, fruits, and tender shoots. They play a vital role in maintaining the balance of plant life in their habitats.

Mating Habits

During the breeding season, which usually occurs in the later months of the year, males engage in competitive displays to attract females.

Mating Behavior

  • Reproduction Season: Typically occurs from October to December
  • Pregnancy Duration: Approximately 240 days
  • Baby Carrying: Does care for and protect their fawns
  • Independent Age: Fawns become more independent at around 6-8 months
  • Female Name: Doe
  • Male Name: Buck
  • Baby Name: Fawn

5 Fun Facts for Kids

  1. The Philippine deer are often called “Rusa” in local culture, symbolizing their connection to the country.
  2. Their white spots serve as a form of camouflage when they are in their natural habitat.
  3. These elusive deer are excellent swimmers and can cross rivers and streams with ease.
  4. The Philippine deer contribute to forest health by aiding in seed dispersal through their droppings.
  5. They are a source of pride for the Philippines, representing the country's rich biodiversity.

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