Visayan Spotted Deer Facts and Information

By | Deer Species

The Visayan spotted deer, a remarkable species with a story to tell. These enchanting creatures are not only known for their striking appearance but also for their status as an endangered species. Let's dive into the world of the Visayan spotted deer and uncover the facts that make them extraordinary.

Species Data

  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Artiodactyla
  • Family: Cervidae
  • Scientific Name: Rusa alfredi
  • Life Span: Typically 15-20 years
  • Height: Approximately 65-85 cm (25-33 inches)
  • Weight: Around 35-65 kg (77-143 pounds)


The Visayan spotted deer, scientifically known as Rusa alfredi, is a captivating species known for its petite stature and distinctive appearance. These deer are adorned with a coat of reddish-brown fur marked by a generous scattering of white spots. They are truly a sight to behold in the dense forests of the Visayan islands.


One of the most striking features of the Visayan spotted deer is its unique coat pattern. The white spots on their reddish-brown fur create a mesmerizing contrast, making them resemble living constellations in the forest. These spots are particularly prominent on the young deer, gradually fading as they mature.


Visayan spotted deer are known for their shy and elusive behavior. They are primarily crepuscular, meaning they are most active during dawn and dusk. This behavior helps them avoid predators and allows them to forage for food during the relative safety of low light conditions.


These enchanting creatures are native to the Visayan islands of the Philippines. They inhabit a variety of forested environments, from lowland forests to mountainous regions. Unfortunately, their habitat has been shrinking due to deforestation, putting their survival at risk.

Diet and Nutrition

Visayan spotted deer are herbivores with a diet that includes leaves, grasses, fruits, and various plants. They play a crucial role in shaping the plant life in their ecosystem through their feeding habits.

Mating Habits

During the breeding season, which typically occurs from December to April, males engage in competitive displays to attract females.

Mating Behavior

  • Reproduction Season: Usually from December to April
  • Pregnancy Duration: Approximately 8 months
  • Baby Carrying: Does care for and protect their fawns
  • Independent Age: Fawns become more independent at around 6-8 months
  • Female Name: Doe
  • Male Name: Buck
  • Baby Name: Fawn

5 Fun Facts for Kids

  1. The Visayan spotted deer are often referred to as “Philippine spotted deer” due to their native habitat.
  2. Their unique coat pattern helps them blend into the dappled sunlight of the forest, providing natural camouflage.
  3. These shy creatures communicate with each other using soft vocalizations and body language.
  4. Visayan spotted deer are excellent swimmers and can cross rivers and streams when necessary.
  5. Conservation efforts are crucial to preserving this endangered species and its habitat.

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